Feroz Khan
Feroz Khan
Java Developer Android Developer (MVVM, ROOM, Jetpack) Laravel API Developer (MVC)
Feroz Khan


Introduction to JUnit, the most popular Java testing framework

Introduction to JUnit, the most popular Java testing framework


Welcome to our blog series on Unit Testing for Beginners in Java. In this post, we'll introduce JUnit, the most popular Java testing framework. We will cover the basics of JUnit, including its history, features, and how to get started with writing and running tests using this powerful framework.

JUnit: A Brief History

JUnit was created by Erich Gamma and Kent Beck in 1997 as a part of the eXtreme Programming (XP) methodology. It quickly gained popularity due to its simplicity and ease of use, becoming the de facto standard for unit testing in Java. Today, JUnit is maintained by the JUnit Team and is an integral part of modern software development practices.

Why Use JUnit?

JUnit offers several benefits that make it the go-to framework for unit testing in Java:

  1. Simplicity: JUnit is easy to learn, and its API is intuitive, allowing developers to quickly write and execute tests.
  2. Extensibility: JUnit can be easily extended with custom test runners and rules, making it adaptable to various testing scenarios.
  3. Integration: JUnit is well-integrated with popular Java IDEs and build tools, making it simple to run and manage tests during the development process.
  4. Community support: With its widespread adoption, JUnit has a large community that provides support, plugins, and additional resources.

Getting Started with JUnit

To start using JUnit, you'll need to include the JUnit library in your project. JUnit 5 is the latest version of the framework and consists of three main components:

  1. JUnit Platform: The foundation for launching testing frameworks on the JVM.
  2. JUnit Jupiter: The API for writing tests and extensions in JUnit 5.
  3. JUnit Vintage: A compatibility layer to support running JUnit 3 and 4 tests.

To add JUnit 5 as a dependency, include the following in your build tool configuration:

dependencies {
  testImplementation 'org.junit.jupiter:junit-jupiter-api:5.8.1'
  testRuntimeOnly 'org.junit.jupiter:junit-jupiter-engine:5.8.1'


In this post you learnt what Junit framework is, why we use it and how to integrate it into your project. In the upcoming post we will learn about anatomy of JUnit test. Stay Tuned!


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